Piatra Olt

Piatra Olt city is located 16 km away from Slatina municipality. It has a population of 6299 inhabitants of whom 424 are self-identified Roma according to the 2011 Census and 852 are hetero-identified Roma (unofficial sources).

In the town of Piatra Olt there are Roma communities in Ţigănie Piatra Olt and Ţigănie Piatra Sat, Criva. The Roma community of Piatra Olt is compact, extending over 500 m on the outskirts of the village. It is accessible, houses are neat, the roads are good and most children go to school. In Piatra Sat community, houses are damaged, unkempt and without fences, most of them are built of burnt bricks.

Education

There are 2 schools that serve the Roma communities: Piatra Olt High School (Secondary School with 16 % Roma children), Piatra Sat School (11% Roma children). Preschool children have access to two kindergartens in Piatra Olt (14 % Roma children) and Piatra Sat (8% Roma children). Since 2008, the community has had a school mediator, and two Roma teachers (a Romany teacher and a physical education teacher).

The main problems in terms of education are school dropout (caused by poverty), the low education level among adults, low self esteem, the lack of parental interest in education, nomadism, and migration abroad. The level of adult education is low, most of them having less than 8 years of schooling.

In the past, there was an initiative of the programme “School after school” for 10 students in the community, but many of them failed to participate. Also, there were two projects in the community initiated by ROM Grand, which focused on restoration of identity documents and on granting support to 50 students from primary school at the start of the school year.

Health

In the village there are 3 medical practices and 3 doctors, with a doctor assuming 910 patients; the nearest medical facility is situated 800 m away. The number of uninsured persons in the Roma community is quite high, reaching 312. Also, 56 people are not registered with a family doctor. Medical professionals indicate as problems in the community the lack of health insurance, illiteracy and the lack of hygiene.

Housing and Infrastructure

The number of homes in the Roma community is 187. The Roma community has electricity, drinking water, running water, sewerage and sanitation services. The local public / private transport does not serve the community. The roads are cobbled. The problems concern the lack of ownership documents on land where they build their homes, overcrowding (a share of over 70 %), poor housing conditions and damaged homes (over 50 % of homes), the lack of hygiene and the impossibility to renovate homes without financial resources. Many homes are not connected to the drinking water network (they only have two taps / pumps in the community). Also, young families have nowhere to build their homes. Currently, they are trying to introduce the sewage system and repair the roads.

The Roma community is active in the local decision making process. There are locally active formal and informal organizations. For example, for the implementation of the project for obtaining identity documents they work with the County Office for Roma by attending the Mixed Working Groups and by getting involved in the drafting of the quarterly reports by this office. There haven’t been and there are no inter-ethnic tensions or conflicts, but collaborations between Roma and non-Roma are less numerous.

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